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The Effectiveness Of Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) To Reducing Anxiety Of 6 Th Grade Elementary School Students Who Will Face The National Exam

Volume: 80  ,  Issue: 1 , July    Published Date: 08 July 2021
Publisher Name: IJRP
Views: 110  ,  Download: 49 , Pages: 30 - 39    
DOI: 10.47119/IJRP100801720212066

Authors

# Author Name
1 Teddy Bagus Hernowo
2 Anita Zulkaida

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) in reducing anxiety of 6th-grade elementary school students who will face the national exam. The research participants were 24 students from the Indonesian Quantum School. This research is an experimental study using a single-group pretest-posttest design (one group pretest-posttest design). The techniques given are self-talk, deep breathing, progressive muscular relaxation, imagery, psychoeducation, and rewards. The data were obtained using the Westside Test Anxiety Scale (WTAS) to measure students' anxiety in facing exams, open-ended questions to students, and interviews with school principals and class coordinators. The analysis technique used is the paired sample t-test, analysis of changes in anxiety categories, and determining the themes of the interview results. Based on the results of the paired-sample t-test, the t value was 3,260 with a significance value of 0.003 (p <0.05). Thus the hypothesis proposed in this study is accepted, namely, CBT is effective in reducing anxiety facing the national exam in 6Th-grade elementary school students. The results of the anxiety category analysis showed that after participating in the training, there was a decrease in the number of students with anxiety in the moderately high and high anxiety categories (13 people to 8 people) and high normal anxiety (11 people to 4 people). The number of participants with anxiety in the normal and low categories is increasing (0 to 12 people). Based on the results of the interview, it was found that after participating in the training, the class coordinator felt calmer because the students were better prepared for the psychological techniques that had been taught. The principal was satisfied that the student's grades had improved and asked that training be held again for the next batch.

Keywords

  • elementary school student
  • test anxiety
  • cognitive behavior therapy