Medicine, Health & Food

Medicine, Health & Food

Archive
Join as an Editor/Reviewer

A Comparative Analysis on the Rates of Blood Donation in Hospitals of Quezon City Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic from November 2019- October 2020

Volume: 84  ,  Issue: 1 , September    Published Date: 04 September 2021
Publisher Name: IJRP
Views: 37  ,  Download: 17 , Pages: 8 - 22    
DOI: 10.47119/IJRP100841920212227

Authors

# Author Name
1 Gamaliel Issamar S. De Vera
2 Nur Haron A. Adiong II
3 Angela Louisse H. Lubag
4 Alfonzo Martin B. Pedro
5 Rose Lyn E. Reynaldo
6 Ronnel Christian O. Rosario
7 Jomard Glenn M. Sadiarin

Abstract

Blood collection has been a crucial procedure for different hospitals and blood banks to obtain blood supply in order to be used in various therapeutic procedures for the patients. Conducting blood collection drives offer access to quality and safe health services given to the patients that need blood. The current situation of the healthcare system is being hindered by the COVID-19 pandemic which made a lot of restriction and limitation to hospitals due to quarantine protocols and social distancing. Blood donation is one of the affected procedures by the COVID-19 and it is the purpose of this study to determine the rates of blood donation in selected hospital-based blood banks of Quezon City during the pandemic crisis. The trends of blood donation between phase 1, phase 2, and phase 3 of the pandemic from November 2019 to February 2020, March 2020 to May 2020, and June 2020 to October 2020 respectively is compared to find changes and effects of the pandemic to health services. This research is focused on the comparative analysis on the data gathered from the blood banks and is used to monitor the trends of blood donation services. The researchers had formulated a consent letter that was reviewed by the ethics committee and was sent to the blood banks for data privacy purposes. A letter requesting for the amount of blood donation per month of specified dates was given to the hospitals. The letter will be accessible online through email for easier access and gathering of data. Those hospitals which agreed to participate in the study and willing to share data will be included in this paper. The collected data was statistically analyzed by using IBM® SPSS® Statistics. Five hospitals were able to participate and give data on the number of blood donations. The analysis showed that most numbers of blood donations happened in phase 1 with 49.54% of the total donations throughout the study while the lowest is in phase 2 which only has 15.2%. The phase 3 period had 35.26% of the total donations which increased from phase 2. Based on the statistical analysis, the result from One way ANOVA proved that there were no significant differences between the 3 phases in the study. The rate of change in blood donation showed a decrease of 69.33% in phase 2 from the total donations in phase 1. On the other hand, phase 3 had a 132.05% increased rate from the total donations in phase 2. In conclusion, blood donation rates were affected based on the quarantine protocol which drastically decreased during phase 2 and increased in phase 3. Other than that, the study found out that donor attendance was also less in the pandemic phase than the pre-pandemic phase because of restrictions and health protocols in hospitals and in public.

Keywords

  • pandemic
  • COVID-19
  • blood donation
  • Quezon City